NEET Bill gets Lok Sabha &Rajya Sabha approval, the exam to be conducted for both private and government colleges

The Lok Sabha on July 19 passed a bill making a single common exam for medical and dental courses compulsory. The exam is named as National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) Examination. The new exam is also applicable for private colleges along with government ones.

NEET gets legal status

The Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Bill, 2016, and The Dentists (Amendment) Bill, 2016, provides Constitutional status to the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) examination. The bill will be introduced from the next academic session.

The reasons for this bill, as quoted by Health Minister J P Nadda are:

  • End the multiplicity of examinations
  • Make the exam fair and transparent
  • Abolishing student’s exploitation, especially with regard to capitation fees

According to the Minister, NEET will be based on NCERT syllabus. While NEET for undergraduate courses will be conducted by CBSE, the post-graduation test will be held by the national board of examination.

Not just this, it is also assured by Nadda that the exam will be conducted in regional languages also. For this, the Health Ministry has asked states to send the exact details of the number of students who have appeared in local languages in the last three years.

On allegations of corruption against the Medical Council of India, Nadda said, “A committee has been set up by the PM and that is at the final stage. Stakeholders have been called. The report is being finalised.”

Indian President, Pranab Mukherjee has given approval to Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Act, 2016 and Dentists (Amendment) Act, 2016, according to the media reports. Both these laws got nod from Rajya Sabha on August 1 to make way for NEET.

NEET Bill passed by Lok Sabha

NEET Bill passed by Lok Sabha

NEET Timeline

In the below section, StudMonk aims to give a brief on how the decision regarding AIPMT or NEET has changed over the years.

Before 2012: During this period, CBSE used to conduct AIPMT. As per the older format, there were two papers.

2012: The government came up with the plan of single entrance test for admission to medical courses. The exam was proposed to be held from 2012 onwards. But due to oppositions from different states and private colleges, it wasn’t held.

2013 February: More than 80 cases opposing the undergraduate NEET filed

2013 May: NEET was conducted for the first time

2013, July: n a 2-1 split verdict on the validity of the NEET, a Bench led by former Chief Justice Altamas Kabir holds that the MCI and the Dental Council of India lacked legal authority to control admissions to MBBS, BDS and post-graduate courses. This view is shared by Justice Vikramjit Sen. However, Justice Anil R Dave differs.

2013, October: A review petition challenging the judgment is filed by the MCI; Supreme Court issues notice.

2014, May: CBSE conducts AIPMT. The final decision on NEET UG exam was planned to be taken by SC

2016, April 7: After careful consideration of submissions, SC reserves the judgement

2016, April 11: The Constitution bench of the Supreme Court recalls 2013 judgment passed by it striking down a common entrance examination for all medical colleges in India. The judgment delivered by the then Chief Justice of India Altamas Kabir on the day of his retirement.

The apex court order revives government’s December 21, 2010 notification for holding a single common entrance test through NEET with a clarification that any challenge on the issue would directly come before it and no high court can interfere in it.

2016, April 28: The Supreme Court clears the air for holding of NEET in two phases for the academic year 2016-17 with May 1 AIPMT exam to be considered NEET-1 and NEET-2 for those candidates who have not appeared in the first phase exam. It said that all other admission exams for admission to government colleges, deemed universities, private medical colleges, minority and linguistic minority colleges, stand scrapped.

2016, April 29: Government approaches SC seeking change in the judgement passed on April 28 and allows state governments and private colleges to hold separate entrance exams for MBBS and BDS courses for the academic year 2016-17.

2016, April 30: Decided that NEET Phase 2 will be held on July 24, 2016

2016, May 1: CBSE conducts NEET Phase 1. About 6 lakh candidates appear for the exam.

2016, May 3: SC hears fresh request from J & K and some private medical colleges. It asks Healthy Ministry and MCI to reply to the petition.

2016, May 5: The Supreme Court clarified that private colleges would not be allowed to conduct separate exams for medical admissions

2016, May 6: The MCI on Friday has asked the Supreme Court to allow the states to conduct separate medical admission tests for 2016-17

2016, May 9: The Supreme Court has rejected pleas of state governments and minority institutions to allow them to hold separate entrance exams for MBBS and BDS courses for the academic year 2016-17 saying only NEET provides for conducting such test for admission to these courses.

2016, May 10: The Supreme Court said it will consider Centre’s plea seeking permission to hold the entrance examination for MBBS and BDS for the academic year 2016-17 in six vernacular languages — Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Assamese, Bengali and Gujarati.

2016, May 20: Amid strong reservations expressed by several states against conducting the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) this year, the NDA government Friday paved the way for an ordinance to keep state governments’ exams out of the ambit of the common test.

2016, May 25: President Pranab Mukherjee gives his approval on holding single common medical entrance examination in India – NEET.

2016, July 18: The Lok Sabha passed a bill mandating the conduct of a single common exam for medical and dental courses. This is also applicable for private colleges.

Source: Indian Express

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Bhavana Singh

Bhavana Singh

Lead Content Writer at StudMonk
Bhavana has been helping IIT JEE, NEET, MH CET, BITSAT and other competitive & entrance exam aspirants through her writing. An author & blogger by profession and avid traveler by heart, she is working in the capacity of a Lead Content writer at StudMonk, to define content writing & marketing strategy and deliver error-free content.
Bhavana Singh
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